• Gatot Prayogo Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Depok West Java, 16424, Indonesia
  • Muhammad Arif Budiyanto Department of Mechanical Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus Baru UI, Depok, Jawa Barat-16424, Indonesia
  • Mustasyar Perkasa Laboratory of Structural Strength, Directorate of Laboratory Management, Research Facilities, and Science and Technology Park - National Research and Innovation Agency, B.J. Habibie Science & Technology Complex, Building 220, South Tangerang, Banten-15314, Indonesia



Welded joints, diamond plate, circular plate, bending test


The design and analysis of welded joints are very useful for the safety of steel-based structures. The effect of welded joints meeting at one point on the resulting stress is a critical factor in constructing steel joints. The main objective of this research is to analyze the mechanical performance and microstructure of the welding process on diamond and circular plate joints. The analysis was carried out through experiments and finite element simulations to find out how much influence the addition of a diamond plate and circular plate had on the plate connection. The method used is to analyze the strength, hardness, and micro and macrostructure testing to determine the strength and structural changes of the metal after welding. The results of the test are then used to create an inhomogeneous model of weld joint, then the model is applied to the FEA software to be analyzed by the bending test simulation. The experimentally bending testing was carried out to examine bending performance of the test objects. From the simulation and experimental results, it is found that the shape of a circular plate measuring a diameter of 60 mm with a thickness of 6 mm is appropriate for a flat plate joint, and the flat-diamond plate measuring 60x60 mm with a thickness of 6 mm is proper for application to un-flat (cornered) plate joints. The structural integrity of a flat plate joint with a circular plate is greater than that of a diamond plate.


Download data is not yet available.


X. Meng, Y. Huang, J. Cao, J. Shen, J.F. dos Santos, Recent progress on control strategies for inherent issues in friction stir welding, Prog. Mater. Sci. 115 (2021) 100706.

M. Gierth, P. Henckell, Y. Ali, J. Scholl, J.P. Bergmann, Wire Arc Additive Manufacturing (WAAM) of Aluminum Alloy AlMg5Mn with Energy-Reduced Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW), Mater. 2020, Vol. 13, Page 2671. 13 (2020) 2671.

D.K. Dwivedi, Metal Joining: Need, Approaches and Mechanisms, Fundam. Met. Join. (2022) 3–31.

D. Pathak, R.P. Singh, S. Gaur, V. Balu, Experimental investigation of effects of welding current and electrode angle on tensile strength of shielded metal arc welded low carbon steel plates, Mater. Today Proc. 26 (2020) 929–931.

R. Schiller, M. Oswald, J. Neuhäusler, K. Rother, I. Engelhardt, Fatigue strength of partial penetration butt welds of mild steel, Weld. World. 1 (2022) 1–22.

T.E. Abioye, O.E. Ariwoola, T.I. Ogedengbe, P.K. Farayibi, O.O. Gbadeyan, Effects of Welding Speed on the Microstructure and Corrosion Behavior of Dissimilar Gas Metal Arc Weld Joints of AISI 304 Stainless Steel and Low Carbon Steel, Mater. Today Proc. 17 (2019) 871–877.

N. Mukai, Y. Inoue, S. Sasakura, Y. Kinoshita, Prevention of cold cracking by the welding process for reducing diffusible hydrogen in high-tensile thick plate welding, Https://Doi.Org/10.1080/09507116.2020.1866362. 33 (2021) 268–279.

T. Schaupp, M. Rhode, H. Yahyaoui, T. Kannengiesser, Hydrogen-assisted cracking in GMA welding of high-strength structural steels using the modified spray arc process, Weld. World. 64 (2020) 1997–2009.

M. Gáspár, Effect of Welding Heat Input on Simulated HAZ Areas in S960QL High Strength Steel, Met. 2019, Vol. 9, Page 1226. 9 (2019) 1226.

A. Mashhuriazar, C. Hakan Gur, Z. Sajuri, H. Omidvar, Effects of heat input on metallurgical behavior in HAZ of multi-pass and multi-layer welded IN-939 superalloy, J. Mater. Res. Technol. 15 (2021) 1590–1603.

K. Zhang, W. Dong, S. Lu, Finite element and experiment analysis of welding residual stress in S355J2 steel considering the bainite transformation, J. Manuf. Process. 62 (2021) 80–89.

S.H. Li, P. Kumar, S. Chandra, U. Ramamurty, Directed energy deposition of metals: processing, microstructures, and mechanical properties, Https://Doi.Org/10.1080/09506608.2022.2097411. (2022).

N. Saba, M. Jawaid, M.T.H. Sultan, An overview of mechanical and physical testing of composite materials, Mech. Phys. Test. Biocomposites, Fibre-Reinforced Compos. Hybrid Compos. (2019) 1–12.

T. Patterson, J. Hochanadel, S. Sutton, B. Panton, J. Lippold, A review of high energy density beam processes for welding and additive manufacturing applications, Weld. World. 65 (2021) 1235–1306.

G. Dak, C. Pandey, Experimental investigation on microstructure, mechanical properties, and residual stresses of dissimilar welded joint of martensitic P92 and AISI 304L austenitic stainless steel, Int. J. Press. Vessel. Pip. 194 (2021) 104536.

S. Lin, D. Wang, C. Li, X. Liu, X. Di, Y. Jiang, Effect of cyclic plastic deformation on microstructure and mechanical properties of weld metals used for reel-lay pipeline steels, Mater. Sci. Eng. A. 737 (2018) 77–84.

J. Verma, R.V. Taiwade, Effect of welding processes and conditions on the microstructure, mechanical properties and corrosion resistance of duplex stainless steel weldments—A review, J. Manuf. Process. 25 (2017) 134–152.

S. Tsutsumi, R. Fincato, P. Luo, M. Sano, T. Umeda, T. Kinoshita, T. Tagawa, Effects of weld geometry and HAZ property on low-cycle fatigue behavior of welded joint, Int. J. Fatigue. 156 (2022) 106683.

M. Atta, A.A. Abd-Elhady, A. Abu-Sinna, H.E.M. Sallam, Prediction of failure stages for double lap joints using finite element analysis and artificial neural networks, Eng. Fail. Anal. 97 (2019) 242–257.

R. Beygi, A. Akhavan-Safar, R. Carbas, A.Q. Barbosa, E.A.S. Marques, L.F.M. da Silva, Utilizing a ductile damage criterion for fracture analysis of a dissimilar aluminum/steel joint made by friction stir welding, Eng. Fract. Mech. 274 (2022) 108775.

X. fang Xie, J. Li, W. Jiang, Z. Dong, S.T. Tu, X. Zhai, X. Zhao, Nonhomogeneous microstructure formation and its role on tensile and fatigue performance of duplex stainless steel 2205 multi-pass weld joints, Mater. Sci. Eng. A. 786 (2020) 139426.

MatWeb, ASTM A572 Steel, grade 42, n.d. (accessed July 5, 2022).

ANSYS Inc., Ansys Student Workbench-based Simulation Tools, (n.d.). (accessed January 9, 2022).

N. das Neves, M.F. Fernandes, C.F. de A. Von Dollinger, J.M.K. Assis, H.J.C. Voorwald, Effects of GTAW Dynamic Wire Feeding Frequencies on Fatigue Strength of ASTM A516-70 Steel Welded Joints, J. Mater. Eng. Perform. 31 (2022) 6435–6450.

Z. Jiang, D. Liang, T. Zhou, al -, N. Ali, J.K. Hamza, S.E. Sofyan, Effects of welding on the change of microstructure and mechanical properties of low carbon steel, IOP Conf. Ser. Mater. Sci. Eng. 523 (2019) 012065.

G. Prayogo, E.C. Firdaus, M.A. Budiyanto, Stress analysis of the application of the diamond plate on the quad-joint connection: A case study on the flat plate hull of ships, Http://Www.Editorialmanager.Com/Cogenteng. 9 (2022).

Eurocode 3 (EN 1993): Design of steel structures - Part 1-1: General rules and rules for buildings, EN 19931-1, May 2005.




How to Cite

Prayogo, G., Budiyanto, M. A., & Perkasa, M. . (2023). ANALYSIS OF BENDING MECHANICAL PERFORMANCE OF WELDING JOINTS WITH THE ADDITION OF DIAMOND AND CIRCULAR PLATES. Indonesian Journal of Engineering and Science, 4(1), 057–073.